rovers tips

BASIC TIPS FOR A SAFE, HEALTHY, AND HAPPY PUPPY

Comply with all state and local dog laws:

    Be sure your pup is licensed with your local animal licensing authorities. If your pup should get loose and run away, no matter how careful you are, your pup’s license will ensure that he or she is not put up for adoption or euthanized before you can claim your animal at the animal shelter.

Keep your pup on a leash at all times when not confined on your property. Check your fences and gates frequently for places where your puppy can get over, under or through.

If your puppy makes a mess, clean it up and dispose of it properly, in accordance with your local laws.  To be on the safe side, you may want to get an ID chip embedded beneath your dog’s skin. This way, if the dog and the collar should become separated, there will still be a means to identify you pet.

  All shelters have the means to scan animals for these chips.  Many vets provide the implantation service for a reasonable fee.

Pay attention to your pup’s health and medical needs:

  •     Keep your pup’s vaccinations up to date. To protect against diseases that can cause great suffering and/or death to your pup, be sure to have his or her booster shots administered in a timely manner.
  • Be aware of your pet’s behavior and call your vet if the pup is not eating or drinking, losing weight, looking bloated, vomiting or exhibiting any other symptoms that are indicators that your puppy may be sick.
  • Puppy-proof your home, and keep the pup confined to an area where he or she will be safe from hazards such a electrical wires, choking hazards, and other dangers.

Training Your Dog

Housebreaking and Crate Training

    A puppy needs lots of training to ensure that your pet will always be on his or her best behavior. Housebreaking is the most important. It takes perseverance and praise to housebreak your pet.

Start teaching your dog from day one where it is to relieve itself and how to “ask” to go outside.  Look for “signs” your pup is giving you, such as “circling” or sniffing around the perimeter of the house or by the doors. Encourage the dog to go outside immediately.

Highly praise the dog when it relieves itself outside. If the pup has an accident, do not scold the pup or rub its nose in the mess. This is the worst thing you could do, as the pup will not understand why you are doing this and will only make your pet afraid of you. Instead, immediately take the pup to where it should relieve itself. Each and every time the pup goes where it should, lavish it with praise.

     If you must leave your pup home alone or when you cannot adequately supervise your pet, he or she should be crated. Crate training is an excellent tool in housebreaking your dog as it will not soil in the place where it sleeps. The crate also keeps your dog and possessions safe from harm.

Most pet stores sell crates and can assist you in selecting the appropriate one for your pet.  A dog should be able to stand erect, turn around, and stretch. Remember…… your pup will not be small forever, so buy a crate that will provide adequate space as your pup grows into an adult dog.

If you decide to buy a crate large enough for an adult dog, you will need to block off some of the space for the young pup or else it will relieve itself on one side of the crate and “hang out” on the opposite side.

  As your pup grows, you can enlarge the space inside the crate.  A puppy can “hold it” for 1 hour for every month of age plus one. (So a 3 month old puppy can hold it for 4 hours!)  Making a dog hold it for longer than that can cause health problems.

If you are unable to get home in time to let your pup out of the crate for elimination breaks, hiring a pet walking service would be an invaluable asset for you and your dog.

Dog Obedience training:

     Obedience training is also a must.  You and your pup will have a rewarding relationship once you establish who is in command.  Properly training your pup from day one helps to ensure that your pup will not develop behavioral problems in the future.

Obedience classes are best, because a professional trainer will teach you how to work with and train your pup.

Transporting your pet:

    As with humans, pets should be properly restrained when traveling in a car. Pet carriers can be strapped into the back seat or elsewhere in your vehicle. There are also various pet seat belt/restraint devices that you can purchase in most pet stores.

It is dangerous to drive while an unrestrained animal is in the vehicle, because a frightened dog (or cat) could distract the driver and cause an accident. In a collision, your unrestrained pet could become a high velocity missile and may be seriously injured or killed.  Additionally, never allow your pet to ride unrestrained in the pick up bed of your truck.

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